early childhood education
centers, you are not taught, you learn. The children learn through
playing. This philosophy is put on practice all we visited schools, in
the teachers speech , in all that we see.
The primary school starts when the child are 7 years old.
for the kids under 7 years old are financed with public funds and they
are registered in the social services system.
Centres for kids under 7 years old, full time, an for children 7 years
upper in free time activities extra-curricular.
Esiopetus. Pre-school services to prepare for the primary school, for 6 year olds. This class can be in Päiväkoti or in the schools. They depend on the educational system. It's optional and free, all the children can attend for a year before starting in primary school. They work 4 hours every day. They close in time. The groups are stable.
Avoin Päiväkoti. Open doors centers. They offer different oportunities for games and socialitation.
Perhepäivähoito. It's a familiar atention system for 0 to 7 years old kids and over. The family workers depend on councils and they must study 250 hours of basic education. There is a supervisor for every 30 workers.
o Leikkipuisto. Play centers , with different kinds of space and activities
organized (interior, exterior) . The children have to go with a family
There are places in those centres for all the children whose parents apply s and they are always near home.
They pay about 200 euros a month.
All the services are municipal, except 9 private centers which offer some specialitation. (music...)
The municipal centers take care of 22.718 children under 7 years old (65% of children 0-6 years old)
The 383 municipal Päiväkoti, receive 19.856 pupils, about 31,8% of children 0-6 years old. Everybody who apply can go to the centers for a maximum of 4 month or two weeks if necessary.
Normally the groups are full time (8-10 hours daily ) in the school, but there are some part-time groups (midlle)(5 hours maximum)
preparatory centers/ services for primary school, for 6 years old children
are optional and free.
The 584 familiar workers (perhepäivähoito) , take care of 2071 children.
are exterior play centers and are a speciality of Helsinki. There are
3 or 4 people working in each center. The children go with an adult .
The activities are outiside in the playgrounds and gardens. They are free
and it is not necessary take a place. It's necessary to register the boy
or girl if they have a snack and it cost about 25,23 in a month