3. You will be given the 16 sentences taken from The Mochicans once more. By now you have already identified the function of those difficult words in the sentence. Now we ask you to match those words either to a synonym or to a picture that represents them.

Why do this? By associating the difficult words to their synonyms/ image, you will discover the meaning of the word WITHOUT a dictionary. You will be trained to use the context, your previous knowledge and your logic. Also you will be trained to work more independently from dictionaries.

1.- The North coast of this Southamerican country features spectacular contrasts

a.- colonized, peopled, populated.

2.- spectacular contrasts between fertile valleys and stark deserts,


3.- fertile valleys and stark deserts, all wedged in a thin coastal strip between the richness of the Pacific Ocean and the high mountains of the tropics.

c.- shows, offers.

4.- The ruins of the Moche culture grace the outskirts of cities on the north coast of Peru, such as Trujillo or Chiclayo.


5.- The Moche civilisation settled in the fertile valleys along the river Moche surrounded by barren desert lands.

e.- desolate, hard, solitary.

6.- the Mochican culture is known to us due to its well-preserved beautiful handicrafts. They made rich human-shaped pottery of dazzling beauty.

f.- advanced, mature, prosper.

7.- They made rich human-shaped pottery of dazzling beauty.

g.- Squeezed, Packed between two.

8.- Among the figures represented in the pottery we also see the figure of shamans who still today use natural cures.

h.- suburbs.

9.- shamans who still today use natural cures and invoke the ghosts of the ancestors to treat illness and ward off evil spirits.

i.- glorious, radiant, sensational .

10.- Pottery pieces were fired in ovens and then hand painted and glazed with vivid colours.

j.- varnished, coated, polished.

11.- Where these artistic representations a mere expression of the artist or did they stand for a particular cosmogony? The answer lies with the latter, the truth being that this abundant and well-preserved pottery can be considered anthropomorphic.

k.- avoid, keep at an arm's lengt or repel

12.- These motifs are those of fertility and are obviously associated with the cultivation of the land. We must remember that in the midst of the barrenness of the surrounding lands, the Mochicans lived in a few fertile oases

l.- To survive; to live out of something; to have a means of subsistence

13.- Mochicans lived in a few fertile oases and that they managed to make a living from cultivating them.

m.- Family belongings

14.- cultivation provided an important source of living. They were developed in agriculture, fishing, trade, sea-faring and metallurgy.

n.- the second of the two.

15.- Death meant the passing away onto another world. Thus, in funeral ceremonies, whole families and servants were sacrificed and a rich trousseau was buried with them so as to be used in their new life.

o.- show, exhibit, present.

16.- Fishermen display their catch on the "totora" boats as if they were improvised stalls of a market with prehistoric flavour.

p.- Infertility /Non-productiveness of the land around the place.



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