1. Cloze test. You will read the text again. This time some of the words have been blanked. In every gap you can only write ONE word. There are several possibilities. DON'T LOOK BACK !

Why do this?
    To test your ability to deduce ONE word from its context.
    To practise doing cloze tests.


the United States there are about a hundred all-girls schools, some of which started as far as 1907 but all of which are on the rise today. The main aims of only-girls schools is to turn the stereotype that women do not belong in the scientific and technical fields. Evidence proves that there a considerable gap between the sexes in the way they face scientific matters. This gender gap problem comes to its full evidence in adolescence. As puberty takes hold, girls begin to their self-confidence. Far from decreasing, the problem persists through higher education and into the workplace. Whereas women make up almost half the country's work force, they account for only 22 % of scientists and engineers. Among the reasons that account for this phenomenon, education experts say that some teachers girls in subtle ways like for instance failing to call on them in class as frequently as they call on boys. Ann Clarke, the Julia Morgan's School's director and veteran educator that boys and girls are very different in the way they approach classroom and problems. "Sometimes the boys are quicker to want to get to the answer"- she says. "There's a different energy around girls. Boys do more things in spurts". Proponents of education say that in a single-sex environment girls receive encouragement for what they do rather for how they . In places as Julia Morgan's School for girls, students are encouraged to take a turn at the blackboard, explain how they arrived at the answer to a problem, discuss lively and cooperate in groupwork. Besides, these all-girls schools are well-equipped with the latest computer resources. A lot of the girls have similar facilities at home or, if they don't, the school welcomes donations from well-wishers for them. Old computers given to schools as gifts can also be used by students to take all the pieces apart to see how the works. Moreover curriculums in these schools place emphasis on collaborative learning approaches, programming courses, science, maths, technology and they include languages, sports, drama or, even, yoga. Some successes are undeniable. "Castilleja", a girls' school in Palo Alto (California) took 1st and 3rd place in the robotics competition at Nasa's Ames Research Center. There are also low-key successes like "the engineering night for parents" at the Girls' Middle School. that evening students show off the bridges and roads they have constructed and they have a blast explaining science to adults. , it is not clear that single-sex education is itself the solution. Some experts say that in order to make girls in maths, science and technology, one needs to improve teaching methods. Professor Marcia Linn, from the University of California at Berkeley is in favour making teaching methods change so that they become effective for everyone: boys and girls. The key to success seems to be making science personally relevant to students' life day after day. Maybe families themselves can make their contribution in achieving sex equity.

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